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Exploring the history and experiences of mixed heritage persons and inter-racial relationships across the world

Cuba

Map of CubaThe most populous island nation in the Caribbean, Cuba is home to over 11 million people, most of who, according to the 2002 census, consider themselves of be white. The 2002 census was the first one that allowed self-identification when prior to that over 60% were considered Mulatto, that is, of mixed European and African descent. Cuba has a large diaspora, the bulk of who reside in Miami in the United States. Most of these immigrants consider themselves as white Latin Americans.

Several genetic studies have revealed a much larger percentage of the population having some African ancestry than the nearly 3 million (23%) self-identified mulattos and the 1.7 million (10%) self-identified blacks in the country. This is consistent with the history of this island since it was claimed as a Spanish colony in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. Cuba was to remain a Spanish colony until the Spanish–American War which ended in 1898 when it became a USA colony.

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